The Great Pyramid is one of the most famous symbols of ancient culture. It has a history of about 5,000 years. It lies in Egypt, near the Nile River. And it covers an area of about 13 acres. The pyramid was made of blocks of stone. There used to be treasures and the bodies of the kings and queens in it. It took ancient Egyptians over 20 years to finish setting up such a great building. The Great Pyramid has been a subject for many scientists to research on since it was discovered. Each year, a large number of tourists travel to Egypt to see the world wonder with their own eyes.
Pyramids travel, Egypt Tourist Attractions
The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom.
There are about eighty pyramids known today from ancient Egypt. The three largest and best-preserved of these were built at Giza at the Pyramids Tourism beginning of the Old Kingdom. The most well-known of these pyramids was built for the pharaoh Khufu. It is known as the 'Great Pyramid'.
Khufu Pyramid, built in 2560 BC, 146.5 meters high tower, because of the long-weathered, peeling off the top ten meters, is 136.5 meters high. Shaft is 2.3 million stone spelled from, ranging from the size of the stone weighing 1.5 to 160 tons, the tower of the total weight of about 6.84 million tons, which is the size of Egypt so far found 108 of the largest pyramid. It is shared by 100,000 people in 20 hours to complete the human miracle. The pyramid was built as tombs. Ancient Egyptians believed that eternal life after death, the pyramid tomb full of gold and initially all kinds of valuables.
A pyramid is any three-dimensional structure where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point. The base of pyramids are usually quadrilateral or trilateral but generally it can be any polygon shape), meaning that a pyramid usually has three or four sides but theoretically there is no limit to the number of Pyramids Attractions sides a pyramid attractions can generally have lots more sides. But all pyramids must have trilateral sides. The measurements of these triangles uniformly classify the shape as isosceles and sometimes equilateral. Great Wall
A pyramid's design, with the majority of the weight closer to the ground, means that less material higher up on the pyramid will be pushing down from above. This allowed early civilizations to create stable monumental structures. For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids: first the Red Pyramid in the Dashur Necropolis and then the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the only remaining Wonder of the World.
The Great Pyramids of Giza are some of the most famous manmade objects in the world, and they have been famous since ancient times. In fact, the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) is the only "Wonder of the Ancient World" that still survives. However, there are actually over one hundred Pyramids in Egypt, including at least eight more at Giza (two belonging to kings and six to queens).
Many Egyptologists have somewhat different views on exactly why the ancient Egyptian kings built Pyramids as their tombs, but all of them seem to agree that it had to do with their worship of the sun god, Re (Ra). Most believe that the Pyramid was symbolic of the Benben, a mound that rose from the waters during the creation of the earth, in ancient Egyptian mythology, which was closely associated with Re as the creator god.
The Pyramids of Giza are very important, and world famous, but they are not the only important pyramids in Egypt. For example, The Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara (Sakkara) is extremely important as the first pyramid built in Egypt, though it is not a true, smooth sided one. There are also a number of pyramids in and around Dahshur that are important because they show the evolution, including the failures and the first success of the pyramid builders, as they tried to build the first true, smooth sided pyramid. Other Pyramids Travel later pyramids are less spectacular, sometimes made of mudbrick and therefore not as well preserved today, but still important, because they are the first to be decorated with inscriptions and various scenes. For example, the ruined pyramid of Unas at Saqqara was the first one that we know of to be inscribed with the 128 magical spells of the Pyramid Text.
The importance of other attractions pyramids, particularly those of a late date, is less obvious to most people, but not to Egyptologists. They reveal the gradual change that the Egyptians made in their religion, as it concerns death and the afterlife, towards the worship of a god named Osiris. The Pyramid of Ahmose at Abydos must also be important to us, because it marks the very end of the Pyramid Period. It was the last pyramid ever built by the kings.
Just about every pyramid, grand and small, is located within just a few miles of Egypt's modern capital, Cairo. However, this is because Cairo is very near the ancient capital known as the White Walls, though most people know it better by its Greek name, Memphis. Most of the pyramids are clustered in several specific areas that we refer to as pyramid fields, though pyramid fields are almost always a part of a larger necropolis (cemetery) containing other types of tombs. The major ones are the Giza Plateau, of course, Saqqara (Sakkara), Dahshur, Abusir, Abu Rawash. Other Pyramids are somewhat scattered out between Dahshur and the Fayoum just south of Cairo. Still other less well known pyramids are scattered about in places such as Zawiyet el-Aryan (which is between Giza and Abusir and Mazghuna. Some Egyptologists believe that, in reality, this dense region of pyramids between Giza and Saqqara may have been one huge necropolis (cemetery).
All of these pyramids are near Cairo, but there are a few others that are further south. One building which was probably the pyramid of Khui, though it is very ruined, is located in Dara, which is about in the middle of the Nile Valley, called Middle Egypt. The last pyramid built by Ahmose I is even further south, at Abydos. The only other pyramids built for burial purposes that we know of in Egypt were the non-royal pyramids of the workers who lived at Deir el-Medina on the West Bank at Luxor (ancient Thebes). There are, however, a series of Pyramids Attractions small step pyramids that were not tombs, that stretch from Seila in the north to Elephantine Island in the south. We are really not very sure of the purpose of these small pyramids. However, we should also note that the Nubians, who lived further south in what is now the Sudan, also built pyramids used for tombs, though their royal pyramids were more similar to the non-royal ones at Deir el-Medina.
Pyramids in Egypt were only one type of tomb used mostly to bury kings and sometimes queens during a specific period of time. The "Pyramid Age" lasted from about the 3rd Dynasty reign of Djoser (2630 BC) until the Reign of Ahmose I, which ended in about 1514 BC. However, few of the kings after the 12th Dynasty (ending in about 1759 BC) seem to have built pyramids. Before the Pyramid Age, kings were buried in tombs known as mastabas, because from a distance they look like Arabic benches, and that is the term in Arabic for a bench. After the Pyramid Age, kings were buried in rock cut tombs that they tried to hide from tomb robbers. There was no structure above ground at the tomb to give its location away.
However, after the very earliest period of Egyptian history, the tombs of kings were almost always complexes, having other buildings and structures other than the tomb itself. Almost all royal tombs, including pyramids, had a mortuary temple where priests were supposed to take care of the king's soul (known as his Ka). During the Pyramid Age, the mortuary temple was located right next to the pyramid itself, though after the Pyramid Age, the mortuary temple was separated from the tomb so that the tomb's location would be less obvious to grave robbers. Other structures usually included a valley temple, usually near the Nile River, which was sort of an entrance to the complex, a causeway, which was a corridor that led from the valley temple to the mortuary temple, and usually a "cult pyramid", which was a smaller pyramid set next to the larger one. We think that the cult pyramid was probably built for the king's Ka. Usually, the Pyramids Travel pyramid complex was surrounded by a wall, known as an enclosure wall. Pyramid complexes also typically contained other tombs or smaller pyramids belonging to the king's wives and other family members, and there were also pits dug for boats, which were the boats that carried the dead king in his funeral, or were symbolic boats for his journey through the afterlife. Other parts of the greater pyramid complex might include storage buildings, a village for the workers who built the pyramid, and housing for the priests who took care of the dead king.
There are no more famous ancient sites within Egypt, or for that matter elsewhere in the world, than the Great Pyramids at Giza. They are, without question, the icon most associated with the Egypt. They have been both the main destination for tourists, and a source of imaginative thought to the world for over three thousand years.
However, there are actually over 100 pyramids in Egypt, many of which are relatively unknown to anyone who is not an ancient Egypt enthusiast. All but a very few are grouped around and near the City of Cairo, just south of the Nile Delta. Otherwise, only one royal pyramid is known in southern Egypt (at Abydos), that being the one built by Ahmose, founder of the 18th Dynasty and Egypt's New Kingdom. It may have also been the last royal pyramid built in Egypt.
Hence, major pyramids were not built throughout Egypt's ancient history. The Pyramid Age began with a burst of building, starting with the 3rd Dynasty reign of Djoser. Some of the early kings, most specifically Snefru, built more than one pyramid. Almost all of the kings added to their number through the end of the Middle Kingdom, with the possible exception of the First Intermediate Period between the Old and Middle Kingdoms. After the first Pharaoh of Egypt's New Kingdom, Ahmose, royal pyramid building by Egyptians ceased entirely. Somewhat abruptly the kings of the New Kingdom chose, rather than making their tombs completely obvious, to hide them in the hills of the West Bank of Thebes (modern Luxor).
However, smaller pyramids were constructed, for example in the Deir el-Medina necropolis, by private individuals. The Late Period Nubians who ruled Egypt also built relatively small pyramids with much steeper sides, though these were in fact constructed in Nubia itself. This tradition was carried on in Nubia after these southern rulers lost control of Egypt, and eventually, more pyramids were actually built in Nubia than Egypt, though on a much smaller scale.
Other pyramids in the world certainly exist, but their purpose, for the most part, was different than those of ancient tourism Egypt. The most famous outside Egypt are probably those located in Mexico and to the south of Mexico, but these appear to have been built more as temples. In Egypt, all but a select few of the pyramids were built as tombs, sometimes Pyramids Tourism to hold the physical body of a pharaoh (as well as other individuals), or to hold the soul of the deceased (as in the case of the small cult pyramids built next to the larger ones). Otherwise, the purpose of only a few small, regional stepped pyramids remains elusive.
While pyramids were, for the most part, tombs for the Pharaohs of Egypt, one must nevertheless question the reason that Egyptian rulers chose this particular shape, and for that matter, why they built them so large. Today, we believe that they chose the shape in order to mimic the Benben, a pyramid shaped stone found in the earliest of temples, which itself is thought to symbolize the primeval mound from which the Egyptians believed life emerged. This also connected the pyramid to Re, the Sun God, as it was he, according to some of the ancient Egypt mythology, who rose from the primeval mound to create life.
As far the great size of many of the pyramids in Egypt, we can really only surmise that the Pharaohs were making a statement about their own power and perhaps, about the glory and strength of their country. However, it should also be remembered that many of the latter pyramids were not nearly as large as the Great Pyramids at Giza (and elsewhere).
Pyramids evolved. The first of them was not a perfectly formed pyramid. In fact, the first Pyramid we believe that was built in Egypt, that of Djoser, was not a true pyramid at all with smooth sides and a point at the top. Rather, its sides were stepped, and the top of the pyramid truncated with a flat surface (as best we know). As the Egyptian pyramids evolved, there were failures as well glorious failures until finally, they got it right with what was probably the first smooth sided true pyramid built at Meidum. In fact, pyramids continued to evolve throughout their history, perhaps not always in outward appearances, but in the way that they were built and Pyramids Attractions in the theology surrounding their construction. For example, towards the latter part of Egypt's Pyramid Age, Osirian beliefs seem to have had more and more impact on the arrangement and layout of the subterranean chambers.
However, soon after the first pyramids were built, their form became somewhat standardized. Royal pyramid complexes included the main pyramid, a courtyard surrounding the main pyramid, a much smaller cult pyramid for the king's soul, a mortuary temple situated next to the main pyramid, an enclosure wall and a causeway that led down to a valley temple. Some pyramid complexes included subsidiary, smaller pyramids for family members, and most were surrounded by some sort of tombs for family members.
How pyramids were built is also a matter of some controversy. Traditional views, regarding the length of time and the labor force of workers required has changed in recent years. Most Egyptologists no longer believe that many slaves were used, and it is probable that much of the most difficult work of hauling the large blocks up ramps was probably performed using beasts of labor such as oxen. Experiments have also demonstrated that it probably took less time to build them then we originally thought. One reason is that there were probably not as many solid blocks used as we once believed. Rubble and sand were instead used to fill pockets surrounded by solid stone, in many instances.
However, some mysteries remain, even in some of the best well known Pyramids. The most famous of them all, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, continues, year after year, to give up a few more secrets, and there doubtless remains much to learn from these Egyptian treasures. There may even be one or more pyramids yet to be discovered.
Pyramids, Egypt Tourist Attractions
The Pyramids of Egypt are a fascinating topic that have created many controversies over the years, and which continue to do so today. They have not given up all of their secrets even after over four thousand years, and these first of mankind's large, stone buildings will probably intrigue us for many years to come.