New York City. A city of southern New York on New York Bay at the mouth of the Hudson River. Founded by the Dutch as New Amsterdam, it was renamed by the English in honor of the Duke of York. It is the largest city in the country and a financial, cultural, trade, shipping, and communications center. Originally consisting only of Manhattan Island, it was rechartered in 1898 to include the five present-day boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. Population, 7,322,564.
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New York City is the most beguiling place there is. You may not think so at first - for the city is admittedly mad, the epitome in many ways of all that is wrong in modern America. But spend even a week here and it happens - the pace, the adrenaline take hold, and the shock gives way to myth. Walking through the city streets is an experience, the buildings like icons to the modern age, and above all to the power of money. Despite all the hype, the movie-image sentimentalism, Manhattan - the New York Travel central island and the city's real core - has massive romance: whether it's the flickering lights of the midtown skyscrapers as you speed across the Queensboro bridge, the 4am half-life in Greenwich Village, or just wasting the morning on the Staten Island ferry, you really would have to be made of stone not to be moved by it all.
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New York became the first capital of the Unit ed States, being already the largest city in North America.By the end of the 18th century it had a population of 60 thousand, but it grew rapidly during the 19th century thanks to the millions of im migrants who landed there.However, New York did not remain the capital for long.In 1793 the foundation of a new capital city was laid by Washington, and the Americans called their new capital Washington, after their great leader.New York, however, became one of the largest and most powerful cities in the western world and has at present a population of more than 8 million.
Modern New York is an exciting city.The architecture of Manhattan, with its soaring skyscrapers, is not soulless, as many foreigners imagine.The materials used-copper, stainless steel, con crete and glass--give the buildings a striking beauty.The New York Tourism long av enues, broad and straight, lined with expensive stores and massive apartment houses, impress by their scale alone.So does Central Park whose trees and rocks and lakes almost give the impression of a wilderness. University of Cambridge
New York is an impressive place for those who love the arts. Its museums and numerous art galleries, the concerts, opera and ballet performed at the Lincoln Center, the theaters on and off Broadway and in Greenwich Village, make it one of the world's centers of the arts.
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New York, of course, has other faces less attractive.The poor districts of the city have some of the worst slums in the U.S.A., and it is not safe for a white person to walk in the black ghettos of Harlem and the Bronx.Its crime rate is among the highest in the western world.
The narrow canyon of Wall Street, right down on the tip of Manhattan, is the center of New York's business world, whose power full influence is felt by countries everywhere.New York has what many people consider to be the finest daily newspaper in the English language--the New York Times.
Many foreigners mistakenly believe that Manhattan is New York, whereas Manhattan is just one of New York's five bor oughs. It is not the largest.The Bronx, Brooklyn and Queens are now larger than Manhattan, leaving only far away Richmond, on the other side of the New York Attractions Verrazano Narrows, with a smaller popula tion.These four boroughs have been called the "bedrooms" of Manhattan, because most of their residents work in Manhattan.
New York's boroughs are still divided up into neighborhoods, and moving from one to another is still rather like moving from one country to another.
New York is a city of bridges and tunnels, for both Manhattan and Richmond are islands and the city as a whole has a waterfront of 520 miles.
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None of which is to suggest that New York is a conventionally pleasing city. Take a walk in Manhattan beside Central Park, notably its east side, past the city's richest apartments and best museums, and keep walking: within a dozen or so blocks you find yourself in the lower reaches of Spanish Harlem. The shock could hardly be more extreme. The city is constantly like this, with glaring, in-your-face wealth juxtaposed with urban problems - poverty, the drug trade, homelessness - that have a predictably high profile. Things have definitely changed during the nineties, especially in the recent, Mayor Guiliani years. Crime figures are at their lowest in years and are still dropping (statistically, New York is now one of the country's safest big cities), and renewal plans have finally begun to undo years of urban neglect. But for all its new clean-cut image New York remains a unique place – one you'll want to return to again and again.
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The city also has more straightforward pleasures. There are the different ethnic neighborhoods of Lower Manhattan, from Chinatown to the Jewish Lower East Side and ever diminishing Little Italy; and the artsy concentrations in SoHo, TriBeCa, and the East and West Village. There is the architecture of corporate Manhattan and the more residential Upper East and West Side districts (the whole city reads like an illustrated history of modern design); and there is the art, which affords weeks of wandering in the Metropolitan and Modern Art Museums and countless smaller collections. You can eat anything, at any time, cooked in any style; drink in any kind of company; sit through any number of obscure movies. The established arts - dance, theater, music - are superbly catered for, and although the contemporary music scene is perhaps not as vital or original as in, say, London or Los Angeles, New York's clubs are varied and exciting, if rarely inexpensive. And New York Travel for the avid consumer, the choice of shops is vast, almost numbingly exhaustive in this heartland of the great capitalist dream.