Washington D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. "D.C." is an abbreviation for the District of Columbia, the federal district coextensive with the city of Washington. The city is named after George Washington, military leader of the American Revolution and the first President of the United States.
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Located midway along the eastern seaboard of the United States, south of Maryland, north of Virginia and 233 miles south of New York City, the Washington, DC metropolitan area refers to the District of Columbia, plus 7 Maryland counties (Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Howard, Montgomery and Prince George's), 5 Virginia counties (Arlington, Fairfax, Loudon, Prince William and Stafford) and 6 Virginia cities (Arlington, Alexandria, Fairfax City, Falls Church, Manassas and Manassas Park).
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The District of Columbia and the city of Washington are coextensive and are governed by a single municipal government. For most practical purposes, they are considered to be the same entity, though this was not always the case. As late as 1871, when Georgetown ceased to be a separate city, there were multiple jurisdictions within the District. Although there is a municipal government and a mayor, Congress has the supreme authority over the city and district, which results in citizens having less self-governance than residents of the states. In addition to lacking full self-governance, the residents of the District also lack full congressional representation
When you hear people talk about Washington, D.C., you may want to know what the letters D.C.mean.They mean'District of Columbia'.Washington, the capital city of the U.S.A., is in the District of Columbia, not, as you might expect, in the State of Washington.Washington State is thousands of miles away on the north-west coast.(There are also several other washington dc travel towns called Wash ington in the United States.)
Washington, D.C.lies between Virginia and Maryland on the Potomac River.It's about 220 miles south of New York City.The pleasantest and easiest way to get there is by long-distance bus, or by the fast(125-miles-an-hour)train which costs a little more than the bus journey and a little less than flying.I would travel far more than 200 miles to see Washington It's not a city that has grown up accidentally as most big cities have done.It was carefully planned as the nation's capital by a Frenchman, Pierre L'Enfant.The city was named after George Washington, the much-loved, much-ad mired, much-respected first President of the United States.In 1791he himself arranged to buy the land on which it stands. Cape of Good Hope
Now let's take our first look at the capital.For a few moments you may feel you are dreaming and that you have stepped back through the centuries into ancient Greece.Many of the beautiful, shining white buildings are built in the noble style of the ancient Greek temples, and stand in wide avenues amid trees and fountains. Most of them are museums or Government offices.Government is the chief business of Washington.The chief Government building is called the Capitol.With its high dome, it looks a little like St Paul's in London or St Peter's in Rome.It USA Tourist Attractions stands on a hill overlooking the washington dc tourism city, which is divided by Rock Creek Park.A long wide avenue called the Mall leads to the Capitol.At the other end of this avenue a tall, white, needle-like building points to the sky.This is, of course, the highest"needle"in the world--the Washington Monu ment.
On both sides of the Mall are museums and GOvernment build ings.What a surprise this city is!Washington and New York seem to be in two different worlds.Here there are no huge office skyscrapers and so it's not necessary to lean back wards to look up all the time.Then there is the Washington Cathedral which looks very like a cathedral in an old European city.Of course, as in any other big city, parts of Washington are not so pleasant.There are narrow dirty little streets and ugly houses.But there are many splendid things to see and, because Washington covers such a wide area, the easiest way to see them is to take a special sight-seeing bus or a"mini-bus"or"tourmobile".But don't expect the guides on the buses to give you a very serious talk.
On one tour, I remember, the guide told us: "That's the Washington Monument, folks, "'(PeoPle here are often addressed as "folks")."It's the highest'needle' of its kind in the world."And then he added, "At least, I don't know a higher one!"
This is the city where America remembers her famous Presi dents.The guide will take you to see the memorials to them.The Jefferson Memorial is a very beautiful white building in the shape of a circle.Its roof is supported by tall columns.Inside stands a statue of President Jefferson.The Lincoln Memorial is a huge white build ing.Inside you can see a famous statue of Abraham Lincoln, sitting in a great chair.The theatre where he was murdered while watch ing a play is now a museum, the Lincoln Museum.Then there is the memorial to washington dc attractions President Kennedy at Arlington.Here a flame which was lit on the day of his funeral burns and is never put out.Like Lincoln, Kennedy was shot.Another, newer, memorial to him is the John F.Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, over looking the Potomac River.It is a huge place and contains the Eisenhower Theatre, and opera house and the concert hall which is the home of the National Symphony Orchestra.Operas, ballets and concerts are frequently performed there.
Across the Potomac River is the Pentagon, a strange, low, five-sided building.This is the headquarters of the American army, and is also the American Ministry of Defense.During World War Άς more than 35, 000 people were employed here, which gives you an idea of its size.
Everyone, of course, wants to see the White House.On my first visit to Washington a stranger came up to me and asked if I knew where the White House was.I felt pleased to be able to give him directions.In fact I had just left it.I could not have told him where any other place was!The White House really is white, clean shining white, and the beautiful gardens around it make it look like a pleasant American country house.The public is allowed inside on guided tours.
You could spend days at the Smithsonian Institute, which in cludes ten buildings, housing the Museums of Natural History, National Gallery of Art, Arts and Industries Building and several others.Here also is the Air and Space Building which is packed with the history of flying, from the early days up to our own time of space travel.It is exciting to see a model of the strange-looking machine which, in 1969, landed two men on the moon.Also the actual spaceship in which the three Americans travelled safely back to Earth, ending the greatest adventure in the history of the world.Here you will feel close to it all, and astonished that it was ever possible.
Should you feel that you'd like to know more about the history of America, you could visit the Wax Museum on 4th and E Streets, where there are life-like scenes, with sound and move ment, from the country's past.Afterwards, for some fun and a laugh, go to washington dc tourism watch the performing dolphins in the USA Tourist Attractions dolphin theatre.
If you've any dollar left, you might like to spend a few lazy hours shopping and eating in Georgetown.It's an interesting old town with a lot of eighteenth century houses and it is conveniently near the centre of the washington dc travel city.
Visitors should make the interesting 15-mile boat-trip down the broad Potomac River to the home of George Washington, which is at Mount Vernon in the state of Virginia.You can eat and drink on the boat, and enjoy music and dancing by moonlight.George Washington's home is a simple white country house kept just as it was when he lived there.Here, also, guides will take you inside and show you around.American parents from all parts of the country bring their children to this famous and popular place, for they are all taught at school that George Washington was'the father of his country'.