Borobudur, Indonesia Tourist Attractions and Travel

If you are visiting Central Java you just have to visit Borobudur, the largest buddah temple of the world. It was build around year 800, some 300 years before Angkor Wat.

Borobudur travel, Indonesia Tourist Attractions

Built over a period of some 75 years in the 8th and 9th centuries by the kingdom of Sailendra, Borobudur is the largest Buddhist monument in the world. Constructed out of an estimated 1,600,000 blocks of volcanic stone, dredged from the river and assembled solely by human labor, the nine-terraced temple is a representation of the transition towards nirvana and is famed for its 1,500 intricately carved reliefs, covering a total length of five kilometers end-to-end. The volcanic Mount Merapi, one of the most active volcanoes on Java, can be seen steaming on the horizon directly north of the site.

Borobudur picture, Indonesia

Borobudur attractions

The first archaeological study of the site was initiated in 1814 by Sir Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore. First restored in 1907, the monument suffered from neglect and war and was once more in effect rebuilt in the 1970s under the guidance of UNESCO, who designated Borobudur as a World Heritage Site. The massive restoration process involved the removal and refurbishing of over one million blocks, rebuilding the foundation and adding drainage systems.

Look at the buddah figures inside the "clock" and enjoy the view over the Borobudur travel landscape. and you should be able to see the recliming Buddah in the mountains, one of three places in the world. Ayers Rock

Borobudur is an impressive building - 1400 years old


Borobudur consists of a single stupendously large structure, which can be divided into layers as follows:


The platform at the base of the structure, which was clearly added on later and hides some reliefs, is of uncertain provenance and function. The main theories are that the platform was added to censor reliefs depicting earthly desires or - rather more likely - to buttress the subsiding structure and prevent it from collapsing. A section of the platform has been excavated at the southeast corner, showcasing some of the hidden reliefs underneath.


The bulk of the structure consists of four square terraces connected by steep staircases. Each terrace has reliefs in two layers on both sides, recounting the story of the Buddha's past lives and his enlightenment. The "correct" way to Borobudur tourism  view the reliefs is to start from the east gate (the main entrance) and circulate clockwise.


After the square terraces the structure suddenly opens up to reveal the final four circular terraces. Comparatively plain and unadorned, there are no more reliefs here, just several hundred domes housing half-hidden Buddha statues (many headless, some lost entirely).

Borobudur photo, Indonesia


The peak of the structure is a central stupa. The two chambers inside the stupa are empty, and it is unclear whether they were empty from the beginning as a representation of nirvana, or whether they originally contained now lost statues.


You can discover 6 different postures of buddha's statue for bottom level to the top Borobudur attractions. They are "contact with earth", "giving and helping", "mediatation", "no fear", "teach and learn", "turn of wills".

Carved reliefs in Borobudur's lower terracesA few sights of interest are located outside the main temple itself.


The rather lacklustre museum, a few hundred meters to the north of the temple, does a haphazard job of presenting the restoration process. Perhaps the most interesting bits are the exhibition of the Karmawiharga reliefs, with Borobudur tourism explanatory comments, and the Borobudur travel photo gallery of old 19th-century shots of the complex before it was restored.


Candi Mendut, 3 km from Borobudur (along the road to Yogyakarta). A comparatively small temple that may have acted as a waypoint on the road to Borobudur.

Borobudur, Indonesia


These masterpieces of individual artistic value have been acknowledged as the most complete and splendid collection of Buddhist reliefs in the world Indonesia Tourist Attractions. Built out of millions of blocks of the local volcanic rock joined without the use of mortar, it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the primary tourist attraction in Java.

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