A pancake is a batter cake fried in a pan or on a griddle with oil or butter. Pancakes can be eaten hot or cold, and are generally filled or topped with a sweet or savoury sauce or condiment.
Most types of pancake batter contain some kind of flour, most commonly wheat flour, or buckwheat flour, and a liquid ingredient, such as water, milk, or ale, although pancakes are sometimes made with cornmeal in the U.S. and potato pancakes are also popular in various European countries, such as Germany and Poland. In some countries, such as Egypt, Canada and the United States, pancakes contain a raising agent, such as baking soda or yeast. The British Culinary Culture batter of the Ethiopian injera is left to ferment in order to achieve a similar effect.
The oldest surviving recipe in the English language dates from the 15th century.Mexico City
British pancakes have three key ingredients: plain flour, eggs and milk. The batter is quite runny and forms a thin layer on the bottom of the frying pan when the pan is tilted. It may form some bubbles during cooking, which result in a pale pancake with dark spots where the bubbles were, but the pancake does not rise. These pancakes may be eaten sweet with the traditional topping of lemon juice and sugar, or wrapped around savoury stuffings and eaten as a main course. When baked instead of fried, this batter rises (depite having no raising agents - it rises because the air beaten into the batter British Culinary Culture expands) and is known as Yorkshire pudding. British pancakes are similar to the French crêpes, and Italian crespelle, but are not "lacy" in appearance. However, in Scotland pancakes, known as Scotch pancakes or drop scones in the rest of Britain, are more like the American variation and are served as such.