Arc de Triomphe by nightThe Arch of Triumph is a monument in Paris that stands in the centre of the Place de l'Étoile, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. It is situated at the second circus of the Kiseleff boulevard, at its intersection with Marshal Prezan and Marshal Averescu Boulevards, near one of the south entries of the Herastrau Park. The Arch of Triumph is a monument in Paris that stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, formerly the Place de l'étoile, at the western end of the Champs-élysées.
Arch of Triumph travel, Paris Tourist Attractions
Arch of Triumph is the linchpin of the historic axis (L'Axe historique) leading from the courtyard of the Louvre Palace, a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route leading out of Paris. The monument's iconographic program pitted heroically nude French youths against bearded Germanic warriors in chain mail and set the tone for public monuments with triumphant nationalistic messages until World War I.
Arch of Triumph attractions is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, usually built to celebrate a victory in war. The arch is invariably a free-standing structure, quite separate from city gates or walls. In its simplest form a triumphal arch consists of two pillars connected by an arch, crowned with a superstructure or attic on which a statue might be mounted or which bears commemorative inscriptions. More elaborate triumphal arches have flanking subsidiary archways, typically a pair.
The monument stands over 51 metres (165 feet) in height and is 45 metres wide. It is the second largest triumphal arch in existence (North Korea built a slightly larger Arch of Triumph in 1982 for the 70th birthday of Kim Il-Sung); the Arch of Triumph is so colossal that an early daredevil flew his plane through it.
The first monument, a wooden one, was erected on the same spot in 1922. The actual arch was built in 1935 in Deva granite, by Architect Petre Antonescu, who is also the father of the Bucharest City Hall. It is conceived in classical style, following the model of the great Arch of Triumph in Paris. Its shape is that of a parallelipiped, with a 25 x 11.5 m basis and a height of 27 m. Its span is 11 m high and 9.5 m wide and has an arch of a circle at its upper part. The two feet of the monument have interior staircases which lead to the terrace of the monument.
Arc de Triomphe's façades are decorated with stone carvings -bas-reliefs, medallions, royal crowns and the effigies of Queen Mary and King Ferdinand, who had an important contribution to the 1918 union of all Romanian speaking provinces. Arch of Triumph tourism Famous sculptors like Ion Jalea, Cornel Medrea, Mac Constantinescu, Frederick Storck, Dimitrie Paciurea or Constantin Baraschi contributed to the decoration of the monument.
Roman triumphal arches
The tradition dates back to Ancient Rome and is connected to the Senate's custom of granting Roman triumphs. Surprisingly little is known about how the Romans used triumphal arches; the only ancient author who discussed them was Pliny the Elder, writing in the first century AD. They are not mentioned at all by Vitruvius, the first century BC writer on Roman architecture. Pliny describes them as being honorary monuments of unusual importance, erected to commemorate triumphs. By the second century arches were being erected to commemorate other events, such as the surviving triumphal arch at Ancona, erected by a grateful city to commemorate Trajan's improvements to the harbor.
It is unclear when the Romans first began erecting triumphal arches. They originated some time during the Roman Republican era, during which time three were erected in Rome, the earliest being one to Lucius Stertinius built in 196 BC. These appear to have been temporary structures, Arch of Triumph travel and none now survive. Most triumphal arches were built during the Roman Empire. By the fourth century, thirty-six triumphal arches can be traced in Rome. Only five now survive.
The arches of Rome became increasingly elaborate over the centuries. They were at first very simple symbolic temporary gateways to the city, being built of brick or stone with a semicircular arched heading and hung with trophies of captured arms. Later arches were built of high-quality marble with a large central arch in the middle, its ceiling treated as a barrel vault, and sometimes two smaller ones on each side, adorned with a complete Architectural order, of columns and entablature, enriched with symbolic or narrative bas-reliefs and crowned with bronze statues, often a quadriga. The festive Corinthian order was the usual one.