Kolner Dom(Kölner Dom or Cologne Cathedral), Koln, Germany Tourist Attractions and Travel

By the Middle Ages, Cologne was one of the most important cities in the Holy Roman Empire and in 1248 work began on its mighty cathedral, designed to house the relics of the Three Wise Men. Known as the Kolner Dom (pronounced dome), it was once the world's tallest building and is arguably still the world's greatest Gothic edifice, attracting pilgrims from all over Europe, even though it was not to be completed for another six centuries. It is still Germany's most visited attraction.

 Kolner Dom travel, Koln, Germany Tourist Attractions

Kolner Dom, which was built in the period from 1248 until 1880, is known as a masterpiece of Gothic architecture. In its whole period of construction the original architect's drawings had never been changed. Up until its completion in the 19th century, the Kolner Dom was the biggest building in the world. The draft of the western façade broke all conventions: as the biggest church façade of the world it was supposed to have a surface of 7,000 m² flanked by two powerful towers with a height of 156 metres each.

Kolner Dom(Kölner Dom), Koln, Germany

Kolner Dom attractions

Begun in 1248, the construction of this Gothic masterpiece took place in several stages and was not completed until 1880. Over seven centuries, successive builders were inspired by the same faith and a spirit of absolute fidelity to the original plans. Apart from its exceptional intrinsic value and the artistic masterpieces it contains, Cologne Cathedral testifies to the enduring strength of European Christianity.


Kölner Dom is the heart of the City of Cologne. It forms the centre and provides the measure for everything else. 144 metres long, 86 metres wide and with 157-metre-tall spires. It stands on a flat-topped hill that has been a place of worship since the beginning of the Kolner Dom travel city's history. It is Germany's largest Cathedral, five-aisled Gothic basilica with tripleaisled transept. Sepulchral church of the three Magi. Episcopal, chapter and pilgrimage church. Perth


Begun in 1248 and completed in 1880, Cologne Cathedral is a celebration of the finest aspects of Gothic architecture with intricate detail and elaborate decoration. Its twin towers stand 157m (515ft) above the city, on the left bank of the Rhine, and made the cathedral the tallest structure in the world until the Eiffel Tower was built in 1889. The interior is equally impressive, with 14th-century stained glass, a resplendent choir, and a large gold shrine, considered a masterpiece of Kolner Dom tourism medieval goldwork. Remarkably the cathedral survived a total of 14 bomb raids during World War II and today visitors can climb the tower for superb views over Cologne and the Rhineland.

Kolner Dom(Kölner Dom), Koln, Germany

Kolner Dom attractions

The reliquary for the relics of the three holy kings, which is the biggest reliquary of the Occident, is said to be an outstanding artistic work of the Middle Ages. The Ottonian Gero cross on top of the rood altar inside of the Dome is the first big cross of the western Occident: all triumphal crosses of medieval churches can be traced back to it. The dome has two big winged altar-pieces: the "Klarenaltar", an altar from the 14th century with 36 paintings and 25 sculptures, as well as the altar of the city patrons created by Stephan Lochner, the master of Cologne.


The dome's architecture mostly corresponds to plans from the Middle Ages. Some Kolner Dom attractions construction parts were made in a neo-Gothic style. Due to its size and the quality of the work the Dome became a crystallisation point of this kind of architecture.


In 1996, Kolner Dom was included in the list of the UNESCO world cultural heritage.


Kolner Dom tourism


You can just sense the atmosphere the Gothic masonry exudes, and go back to that time when labourers toiled away at building the cathedral. In one's mind's eye, images of a time gone by are conjured up of a people slogging away at the mercy of their own strength, the deftness of their hands and limited tools. I see grazed hands, broken skin, sense aching backs and muscles, smell perspiration, hear moans and groans, and taste the tears of utter exhaustion. I tune into the vision that its builders must have had, those who conceptualised this mighty work of architecture, designing and redesigning it. Even though it became the victim of destruction on numerous occasions, Kolner Dom was never fully destroyed. When you touch the columns and run your hands over the stonework, you can almost feel the Kolner Dom travel powerful energy this building exudes.


I love standing right in front of Kolner Dom and look up at the artistically designed walls and towers with their untold number of figurines silhouetted against the sky. Sometimes I even make believe I can get a closer view of the sky like this. It's weird watching the clouds go by above the steeple tops and when you look up it's almost as though the cathedral is going to fall over :-) But don't worry, it's only an illusion!


The atmosphere inside is captivating, and I was secretly wishing that I could be almost alone inside the cathedral on that day to take in the silence and feel the energy. Unfortunately there were loads of tourists. The huge stunning stained glass windows are very impressive and amplify the cathedral's aura. When you look up from the nave Kolner Dom seems to go Kolner Dom tourism on forever. Because of this, the cathedral always comes across as much bigger on the inside than from the outside. It's kind of bizarre.


Kolner Dom attractions


Unfortunately time has taken its toll on the masonry. The lime sandstone is very weather beaten, and where the weather hasn't made itself felt, the doves and pollution have done the rest. It's become a perpetual building site and folklore has it that one day when the renovations are finally completed, the end of the world will be near. Maybe that's why Kolner Dom will never be completed. That's kind of eerie.


Even from outside the dome acts as a magnet. Not purely because of its unique historical architecture and international cultural heritage, but also for artists of all genres. Everywhere you look you'll see mime artists, musicians and artists who incidentally draw beautiful chalk pictures on to the pavement. The cathedral is surrounded by coffee shops. Then there is also Hohestraße with its countless number of shops and hotels, not to mention the main railway station. How can the world possibly end with so much activity? Even if Kolner Dom were to be completed some day, it will still remain the pulse of the city.


The Kolner Dom travel city suffered terribly in WWII, losing most of its historic centre, and only a small proportion of the Altstadt, right by the river, survives, or has been reconstructed in its original form.


Kolner Dom survived the war in amazingly good shape and is a great example of architecture of the 16th Century. The site itself has been a place of worship since before Roman occupation 2,000 years ago. It was once considered the largest church in all of Christendom.

Kolner Dom travel, Koln, Germany Tourist Attractions

Modern day pilgrims come not only to the awe-inspiring Dom and Romanesque churches, but to the city's fine museums (featuring rich Roman remains and an important artistic heritage) and to sample the city's famous hospitality in its brewhouses (Cologne boasts more breweries than any other European city). Despite its strong religious background, Cologne has a reputation as a goodtime town and its Carnival is one of the biggest in Europe.


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Mo. – Su. 06:00 AM – 19:30 PM

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