Hippocrates Statue The third largest island in the Dodecanese, after Rhodes and Karpathos, Kos lies between Kalimnos and Nissiros . It is mainly flat with a mountain chain -Mts. Dikeos (875 m.) and Simpatras-- running along the south coast. Famous as the birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of medicine, Kos is also known for its lovely, gentle scenery. It is both lush and fertile, with an abundance of springs and streams, gorgeous beaches and a marvelous climate.
Kos travel, Greece Tourist Attractions
Inhabited since prehistoric times, Kos, like Rhodes and the other Dodecanese, has known periods of great prosperity but also times of great hardship over the centuries. During the Mycenaean period (15th - 12th century B.C.), the island was densely settled and took part inthe Trojan War. In the 7th and 6th century B.C., it was the sixth city-state -- along with Halicarnassus, Knidos, Lindos, Ialyssos and Kameiros- in the Dorian hexapolis.Sydney
After the end of the Persian Wars it became a member of the First Delian or Athenian Confederacy. In the 2nd century A.D., however, Kos fell under the sway of Rome and sank into obscurity. Kos travel landscape of Kos The long centuries under Byzantine rule were beneficial to the island, but by the 11th century, it was under constant threat from Saracen and pirate raids before passing into the hands of the Venetians, the Genoese and, eventually, the Knights of the Order of St. John in 1315. In 1522, the Turks finally conquered it after a series of Kos tourism unsuccessful attempts. The Turks held it until 1912, when the Italians occupied it and the other Dodecanese, and Kos did not become united with Greece until 1947.
Kos today has developed into a cosmopolitan resort, which is becoming more and more in demand for apart from its physical beauty, it possesses some remarkable archaeological Greece Tourist Attractions sites and important monuments -- leftovers of various eras - excellent facilities for tourists and, furthermore, it is easy to get to whether by boat or by plane.