Location: On the Thames River, southeast England
Currency: Pound sterling (£), made up of 100 pence (p)
Notes: £5, £10, £20 (rarely used: £1, £50, £100)
Coins: 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1, £2 (rarely used: £5)
London travel, UK Tourist Attractions
London is the largest urban area and capital of England and the United Kingdom and is often named the Capital of the World. An important settlement for two millennia, London's history goes back to its founding by the Romans. Since its settlement, London has been the centre of many important movements and phenomena throughout history, such as the English Renaissance, the Industrial Revolution, and the London Travel Gothic Revival. The city's core, the ancient City of London, still retains its limited mediaeval boundaries; but since at least the 19th century the name "London" has also referred to the whole metropolis which has developed around it. Today the bulk of this conurbation forms the London region of England and the Greater London administrative area, with its own elected mayor and assembly.
It is one of the world's leading business, financial, and cultural centres,and its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as a major global city. London boasts four World Heritage Sites: The Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church; the Tower of London; the historic settlement of Greenwich; and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. As a result, the city has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, and its popularity has increased over the years due to economic growth. Tunisia
In England's restaurants, there is sometimes a "discretionary" service charge added to the bill. When there is no extra charge, tips of 10%-15% are expected, unless the service is particularly poor. Bartenders at pubs do not expect a tip, but are happy to receive one. London Attractions Some tour guides expect a tip, though it is not obligatory. London tourism Taxi drivers generally get a tip of about 10%; many simply round the fare up to the nearest £.
Airports: Five airports serve the greater London area.
London Heathrow Airport, located 15 miles (24 km) west of Central London, is one of the world's busiest airports.
London Gatwick Airport, located 28 mi (46 km) south of London, and 24.8 miles (40 km) north of Brighton, serves the most routes in Europe.
London Stansted Airport, a single runway airport, 30 miles (48 km) north-east of London. It is the center for low-priced and commuter airlines in England.
London Luton Airport is located about 35 miles (56 km) north of London.
London City Airport, located in the London Borough of Newham in East London, primarily serves the London financial district.
London was established by the Romans in the 1st century CE and was called Londinium. It went through a series of conquests, and in 1066 the Normans selected Westminster as their center of government. London became one of Europe's largest cities, and — even after being struck by Black Death in the 14th century, by plague and the Great Fire of London in the 17th century, and by German bombs during World War II — it has remained one of the world's most influential cities.
Today, London, with its population of more than seven million, is the capital of England and the United Kingdom and a center of business, finance, politics, culture, arts and style, as well as a busy port city. Greater London stretches over both sides of the Thames River and consists of 32 boroughs that surround the City of London — a one-square-mile area that includes the London Tourism old city of London and what constitutes the commercial hub of today's London. A region of London travel immigrants, some 30% of London's population is foreign born.
Be sure to wander through the city's parks, including Hyde Park, St. James's Park, Kensington Gardens and The Green Park.
London Travel, UK Tourist Attractions
London's diverse population draws from a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions, and over 300 languages are spoken within the city. As of 2006, it has an official population of 7,512,400 within the boundaries of Greater London and London Attractions is the most populous municipality in the European Union. As of 2001, the Greater London Urban Area has a population of 8,278,251 and the metropolitan area is estimated to have a total population of between 12 and 14 million.