Salzburg, also translated as Salzburg, Austria Salzburg, the capital of the Republic, a population of about 150,000 (2007), is the Vienna, Linz and Graz, Austria's fourth largest after the city . Salzburg in Austria's western region, is the Alps Menting, the city's architectural style to the main Baroque, a long history of the city, according to historical records, Salzburg, Austria is now within the jurisdiction of the oldest cities .
Salzburg is the birthplace of Mozart musical genius, Mozart's short-lived less than 36 lives in more than half of the time is spent in Salzburg. Salzburg is also conductor Herbert von Karajan's hometown, and the movie "The Sound of Music" in the shooting. Salzburg Old City in 1996 by the United Nations organizations included in the UNESCO world cultural heritage list.
Salzburg travel, Austria Tourist Attractions
Salzburg in central Austria Salzburg and the German state of Bavaria at the junction, 150 kilometers east of Munich, Germany, in Vienna, Austria, 300 km west. Alps is located in the north, the south is the rolling mountains, the north is Yimapingchuan, the peak is the last special-Weng (Untersberg), 1,973 meters above sea level, only five kilometers from the city centre. Salzburg is a mountain city, the city on how the original hills, including the Fortress Hill (Festungsberg, 542 meters), Meng Xisi Hill (Mönchsberg, 540 meters), Brian Hill (Rainberg, 511 meters) and the card The cloth Nashan (Kapuzinerberg, 640 meters), the European green coverage rate is the highest Center City District. Salzburg fortress is situated in the mountain fortress, Salzburg is the city's logo, Fort 250 meters long, 150 meters broad at its widest point, the EU is the largest remaining a fortress. Chief of the 225 km river by the Salzburg Salzburg, which is across Austria and Germany because of the longest river water and one of the largest tributaries.
Salzburg someone living in the Neolithic Age, the year was 45 Salzburg city of autonomy. The 5th century monastery built the first St. Peter's Abbey. 699 Duke of Bavaria, Salzburg will be dedicated to this ancient Roman city of Salzburg's first bishop Lu Peite bishop, Bishop to preach in this land, and the new monastery of St. Peter as He's home, the monastery of St. Peter Lu Peite become the first president since he became the Salzburg's main security saints. Greece
"Salzburg" (German: Salzburg, which means "Fort salt") name is the first time in 755 years, because of the salt mine near the castle and named after, the bishop of Salzburg is the main source of income monopoly Salt sales. Salzburg 739 years as the resident bishop, Salzburg Cathedral, 774 completed the first time. 798, April 20, Frank King Chalitaidi the request of Pope Leo III will be upgraded to the Archbishop of Salzburg resident, almost the entire jurisdiction of the old Bavarian region, namely the Bavarian Bavaria, the Palatinate and Now Most parts of Austria. Salzburg has had since then is the Kingdom of East Frank, the Holy Roman Empire, the 15th century after the German Holy Roman Empire territory.
Salzburg is the famous fortress by the Archbishop of Gebuhade From 1077 to begin building, but he did not personally see the completion of the fortress, as Gebuhade successor in 1076 the right to stand in the struggle In the side, in 1077 and has support against the king Swabian Rudolph , because dishonesty in Henry IV, the Archbishop of the struggle after the end of the expulsion, by Henry IV and the appointment of a confrontation between Archbishop . Venice peace treaty signed in 1177, Heinrich and Aadalbert III at the same time to give up the Archbishop of jobs, from dynasty Conrad successor, Conrad in 1183 to call for the United States Done after the Archbishop of Mainz, Aadalbert III returned to the Archbishop of Salzburg, the seat until his death.
Archbishop Aibeihade II Hohenstaufen is a staunch supporter of his in the history of Salzburg plays a vital role in his 1200-46 will be among the feudal aristocracy The right to rule, the judicial power and the city's management of the collection of one, the Archbishop of Salzburg become the supreme ruler, and he's as good results as the "Father of Salzburg."
Since then the influence of the Salzburg more significant, from the 1322 campaign after Mierduofu, Salzburg, beginning with neighboring Bavaria enemies. In 1328, under the authority of the Archbishop, Salzburg has gradually become Holy Roman Emperor domestic an independent state. 1348-1349 invasion of experience plague, Salzburg has lost about one-third of the population. 1481 Holy Roman Empire Emperor Frederick I of Austria Salzburg enjoy the city council authorized the mayor and the freedom of the right to vote. 1511 Sept. Chahe Archbishop of Laianghade to take coercive means, arrested the mayor of Salzburg and members of Parliament, forcing them to abandon all city privileges. German farmers in 1524 and the outbreak of war spread to Austria, during the period of 1525-1526, Salzburg also broke out for three months-long uprising of peasants and mine workers, the peasants uprising Salzburg besieged fortress, to reduce demand Burden, the abolition of serfdom and the restoration of their fundamental rights.
Martin Luther published in the "Outline of the 95", began a few years after the Protestant Reformation, the majority of the people of Salzburg have a tolerant attitude towards the new addition, the people of the Archdiocese of Fort Matt Hao Wei Lun Silang Ge dissatisfaction with the authoritarian rule, the peasant war in 1525 will be the public's sympathy for the Protestant into the open. In 1590, Salzburg, almost all Protestant faith of families forced to flee their homes and families in less than 15-year-old children must stay, the family adopted by the Catholic Church. 1731 Archbishop Feiermian Liao Bo Dean of the East developed the so-called "immigration policy", again to expel the 20,000 Protestants of Salzburg, the late autumn season the same year, another 4,000 women Slavery and farm workers were arrested and deported, expelled the following year began manual workers and farmers, about one-quarter of the deportees died in exile on the road. Until 1740, surviving only to be expelled in King of Prussia several negotiations under the part of compensation. Since the expulsion Protestants, Salzburg bishop of the Diocese of the population drastically reduced, resulting in a disastrous economic crisis.
Salzburg House of Bishops is the EU's largest fountain Baroque fountains. The early 17th century, the Archbishop Wolf Dietrich reitnau that Salzburg is an ideal and representative of the city, now the Old City of Salzburg At that time, is the style of appearance from the left. He ordered the redevelopment of the Salzburg Cathedral, in 1598 after the first eight were destroyed, he also built the Mirabell Palace. For the sake of Bavaria with salt and tariffs, Wolf Dietrich in 1611 to incite the occupied Bavaria Berchtesgaden, Bavaria was occupied Salzburg, and decided to let the Maldives for Sixi Di Kusi to replace Wolf Dietrich, in 1628 he completed the reservation since the cathedral.
After the separation of church and state
Salzburg in the Holy Roman Empire is an independent Archbishop of the diocese until 1803 the Holy Roman Empire through the law, the separation of church and state, the Archbishop of Salzburg lost its ruling position, Salzburg and Xin Freiberga and Pago Sao merger replaced by Franz II's brother Tuscany Emirates Ferdinand III jurisdiction, and was waiting for the election in Dili. 1805 Austrians lost in the Battle of Austerlitz, the Austrian province of Tyrol, was ceded to Bavaria, in exchange, Salzburg and Berchtesgaden are classified as Austria. 1810 Salzburg changed hands once again become a part of Bavaria, the 1816 Vienna meeting of Salzburg after the return of Austria, and will continue to be vested in Bavaria, this situation has continued until today. 1850 Salzburg, Linz from the jurisdiction of access to autonomy, in 1919 held its first democratic elections.
Nazi Germany during World War II and
In Nazi Germany under the rule, April 30, 1938 the Nazis arrested in Salzburg Fen Shu and Jews and dissidents, the same year on November 9, "Kristallnacht" Salzburg's synagogues were destroyed. 1942 Nazi Germany in Salzburg city established a concentration camp prisoners of war, in 1943 the city built a bomb shelter on the hill. 1944-1945 a total of 15 U.S. Air Force in air strikes to destroy or damage the Salzburg 46% of the buildings, 7,600 houses destroyed and 14,563 people were displaced, with more than 550 people were killed in air strikes. The most serious damage to the train station is near the city centre and the regions, including the Salzburg Cathedral of the dome and Mozart house, but apart from the cathedral and bridges, most are well-preserved Baroque architecture, Salzburg Fort is only a few reservations about the original Baroque city.
City characteristics activities
World-renowned Salzburg Festival. In July of each year to be held in August. Easter in April with Salzburg Easter concert, but a smaller scale.
Salzburg is 2006,2010 and 2014 Winter Olympic Games bidding cities, but not the two previous successful bid to host the (lost to the Turin 2006, the 2010 loss to Vancouver)
Salzburg is a tourist city, the number of tourists are often more than the locals. Salzburg is a ski resort in winter, although no local Salzburg ski venue, but as a gateway to the Alps, will receive numerous each year from across Europe flying skiers. Many lakes east of Salzburg, in the German and Austrian border Weng special peaks can be seen from the Peak Salzburg Panorama and the Alps. Summer Hitler's secret base "Yingchao" in the south of Salzburg.
Salzburg, the city's Baroque-style building has a unique charm, is the main representative of the Salzburg Cathedral and Mihabeier Garden. Salzburg in the Old City on December 5, 1996 selected the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's World Heritage List. Salzburg has numerous castles and palaces, Salzburg fortress is located in the city on the hill, Salzburg is the Landmark, 250 meters long, 150 meters broad at its widest point, the construction in 1077 is the existing Sino-EU The largest fortress.
Central Archbishop Wolf Dietrich is one of his lovers by the construction of palaces and gardens, then to the lover's name to "Aertengao Palace," Wolf Dietrich's successor Di Kusi, in order to erase this shameful story, will be renamed as "Mirabell Palace", "Mirabel" is Italian name, which means "strikingly beautiful." Hellbrunn Palace and its gardens, fountains also attracted thousands of visitors.
Salzburg Cathedral reconstruction in 1614-1628, north of the Alps is the first Baroque church, St. Peter's Abbey is the region's first German monastery. Pui Nuoen Bei Loya Jirga within Dike Ting young nuns of existing homes in the world with the longest history of the convent.
"Food alley" (Getreidegasse) is the Old City of Salzburg's most famous pedestrian street, it is well known, because Mozart January 27, 1756 was born in this street on the 9th, Mozart's Father, Leopold Mozart in 1747 under a lease Zhedong the first floor, fourth floor, one of Mozart to have been living here in 1773 from Salzburg to Vienna, Mozart was born in the building Mozart is in the museum, visitors come.
Well-developed urban rail transport. East-west to Vienna, Munich, Innsbruck and Zurich have more frequent vehicle trips. Including the day of the two speeding train ICE. Salzburg is also the Southern Alps to Italy to train the point of origin. Salzburg airport to Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Amsterdam and Zurich flights. But most of the charter flights.
Salzburg is Austria Musical Arts Center. Here was a great musician, the birthplace of Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, and other musicians in the creation of a large number of immortal music. Founded in 1920 Salzburg Festival is still Europe's most solemn music festival one of the premiere show is that "ordinary people." The world-famous conductor Karajan (April 5, 1908 was born in Salzburg) had command numerous works, his fans from around the world, year after year, arrived here to see the great musicians Legacy.
Salzburg Tourist Attractions, Austria
Salzburg, Austria or the famous tourist destination. Each of the local tourism industry to earn foreign exchange for Austria to 5 billion shillings, or gross national product of 25 percent.
Salzburg is a focus on foreign city. Local Government attaches great importance to Salzburg in Austria or even standing in the world. International exchanges, including technological, economic, tourism and other activities, Salzburg, the active participation of the summary is not less than the capital Vienna.